State-controlled media vs. elements of journalism

The classic textbook "Elements of Journalism" by Kovach and Rosenstiel enumerated ten basic elements of journalism that describe how to lead a profession as a journalist. More information about journalism can be found out at wikipedia.org. I list them as follows.

  1. Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth.
  2. Its first loyalty is to the citizens.
  3. Its essence is discipline of verification.
  4. Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover.
  5. It must serve as an independent monitor of power.
  6. It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise.
  7. It must strive to make the significant interesting, and relevant.
  8. It must keep the news comprehensive and proportional.
  9. Its practitioners must be allowed to exercise their personal conscience.
  10. The rights and responsibilities of citizens.

In an environment that is under manipulation by state-controlled media, all above elements are lacking. We witness in this country daily infusion of prescribed and line-walking (bogus) information by government-owned news outlets whose purpose is to maintain a state of citizens’s ignorance and unawareness of administrative wrongdoings. It is unsurprising that citizens are so ill-informed and biased that it becomes difficult to rationalize and debate on subjects.

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